Nitrous Oxide Sedation in North York For Fearless Dental Visits

Nitrous Oxide Sedation is a great answer to fear and anxiety among patients who are about to go to the dentist’s office. Many people fear visiting the dentist. In some cases, this means they delay or avoid treatment. Other times, fear is so severe that patients are unable to even receive a dental checkup. Luckily, there is a solution — nitrous oxide sedation in North York.

What Is Nitrous Oxide Sedation?

Nitrous oxide keeps you awake during a dental procedure but makes you feel relaxed. You will receive the nitrous oxide through a mask placed over your nose. Your dentist will control the level of sedation throughout the treatment.

At its mildest level, you will feel fully awake and the effects will wear off quickly. You will be able to respond to instructions and move without problem, although your limbs may feel heavy. If you require a deeper sedation, your dentist will combine nitrous oxide with a sedative in pill or IV form. In this case, you may slur your words and you will likely remember little of the procedure.

Is Nitrous Oxide Safe?

Nitrous oxide sedation is safe for everyone, including children and patients with medical conditions. It has no impact on your organs, heart rate, or breathing. For this reason, it is suitable for procedures ranging from dental cleanings to fillings, crowns, and extractions. If the procedure is likely to be painful, your dentist will combine nitrous oxide sedation with a local anesthetic.

Who Should Receive Nitrous Oxide?

As well as for those who are fearful about visiting the dentist, nitrous oxide is useful for people with low pain thresholds, with extra sensitive teeth, with a poor gag reflex, and who struggle to sit still in the dentist chair (including young children and patients with special needs). Sedation can also be useful if you need a considerable amount of dental work completed.

How Can Mouthguards Treat Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

Mouthguards are generally known to protect teeth during physical contact such as sports. They too, help in the treatment of TMD. Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) has a number of painful symptoms, including headaches, sensitivity of the teeth, and discomfort in the jaw and elsewhere in the face. TMD can also make it difficult to open your mouth properly, especially early in the morning. There are several ways to ease the symptoms, but one of the most effective is with mouthguards in North York.

How Do Mouthguards for TMD Work?

Mouthguards for TMD prevent the wearing down of teeth, tooth sensitivity, pain, and joint instability. They are rarely used to improve alignment of the jaw, as there is no evidence to suggest that this has any impact on TMD. Instead, mouthguards discourage bad habits, like nail biting, teeth clenching, and nighttime grinding. Many patients are unaware that they are even partaking in these behaviours.

Your dentist will create a custom-fit mouthguard for you using an impression of your teeth. The mouthguard will be made from thin plastic and fit tightly over your teeth. Your dentist will modify the mouthguard whenever necessary, making adjustments as your needs change, to ensure the mouthguard keeps working correctly.

Types of Mouthguards

Night Mouthguards

These are designed with the problem causing your TMD in mind. Most of the time, this calls for a flat biting surface, but you may need inclines or ramps if you have unstable joint ligaments or displaced discs. If you have active symptoms rather than just worn-down teeth, you will need to return to the clinic frequently for modifications.

Day Mouthguards

For more extreme cases of TMD, a day mouthguard is necessary. This will help if your joint clicks or locks or if you are experiencing extreme pain. It is also good for reminding you to rest with your teeth apart. Your dentist will advise you on how many hours you need to use your mouthguard during the day.

Invisible Braces Types That Are Available in North York

There are Invisible braces types available for patients who wish to have their teeth aligned. If your dentist recommends you braces, you likely picture traditional metal brackets. These are often uncomfortable, or even painful, and can be embarrassing for adults and teens. Luckily, you also have the option for invisible braces in a North York dental clinic

Types of Invisible Braces:

1. Ceramic Braces
The most similar option to metal braces are ceramic braces. They have the same structure, except they are made from composite material in place of metal brackets. Ceramic braces can be held in place with white rubber bands. Although these are prone to staining, this is usually not a problem, as your dentist will change the bands every month, or whenever you receive an adjustment. Alternatively, ceramic braces can use self-litigating chips and no bands.
Ceramic braces are fixed to your teeth until the end of your treatment. As they are less durable than metal braces, treatment tends to last slightly longer. They are also more expensive, but you can reduce the cost by just having ceramic braces on your front teeth where they are visible and metal braces elsewhere.

2. Clear Aligners
Clear aligners tend to be the most comfortable type of invisible braces, as they feature no brackets and wires and they are removable. As the name suggests, they are made from clear plastic that fits over your teeth. You will need to change to a new set of aligners regularly. For the treatment to be effective, it is important to keep them on for the amount of time your dentist recommends every day.

3. Inside Braces
By scanning your teeth, your dentist can create braces that fit just on the inside of your teeth. This is a good option if you are worried about people noticing ceramic braces or clear aligners. Like ceramic and traditional braces, inside braces are fixed in place. Elastic bands are optional to speed up the treatment time.

Invisalign: What Can It Treat?

Most orthodontic issues that are treatable with braces can also be corrected with Invisalign in a North York dental clinic. The invisible braces straighten and realign teeth without pain and often in less time than traditional braces. Some examples of issues Invisalign can solve include the following:

Gaps Between Teeth

Gaps between teeth are more than just an aesthetic problem. These spaces allow bacteria to accumulate more easily, causing gingivitis, deep pockets, and even periodontitis.

Overbite and Underbite

Proper alignment means upper teeth are slightly in front of lower teeth. In the case of overbite, upper teeth will be too far forward, usually due to a genetic condition, overdevelopment of the bone, or poor oral habits. This can lead to pain in the jaw.
An underbite is the opposite problem — lower teeth jut out beyond upper teeth. This is often due to missing upper teeth, underdevelopment of the upper jaw, or overdevelopment of the lower jaw. It can lead to pain and wearing down of the teeth.

Cross Bite

Cross bite occurs when there is misalignment of both the upper and lower jaws. Some of the upper teeth end up inside the lower teeth. This can result in the wearing down of teeth, gum disease, and bone loss.

Open Bite

A final bite problem is open bite — when you are unable to make your teeth meet. In addition to genetics, this can be caused by bad habits. Open bite needs correcting to enable proper chewing and speech and to prevent temporomandibular joint disorder.


If there is insufficient space for all your teeth to fit in your mouth, you will suffer from crowding. This results in a crooked smile, and the problem may worsen over time. Crowding also puts you at a higher risk of plaque buildup, decay, and gum disease.

Gum Disease Treatment Options in North York

Depending on the case, there are gum disease treatment options that are available for patients. Gum disease begins as a minor problem, causing bleeding gums and bad breath. Left untreated, however, it can become serious, even resulting in tooth loss. By seeking gum disease treatment in North York as soon as your teeth show any signs of disease, you can maintain a healthy mouth.

Gum Disease Treatment Options Include:

1. Treating Gingivitis

In its early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis, where plaque buildup leads to red and swollen gums. The good news is that it is easy to treat at home by brushing regularly and using an antimicrobial mouthwash.

2. Treating Periodontitis: Nonsurgical Options

If allowed to progress, gingivitis will turn into periodontitis. This is when bacteria starts impacting the bone and supporting tissues as well as the gums. If you catch it in time, you will be able to receive nonsurgical treatment.

Scaling and root planing much like a regular professional cleaning, except your dentist will also remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooth rough surface to stop bacteria from returning. You may need more than one cleaning, and you will have the option to receive a local anesthetic if there is a chance that the procedure could be uncomfortable.

3. Treating Periodontitis: Surgery

There are several reasons why you may need surgery to treat gum disease.
For instance, if the periodontitis has left deep pockets, you may need flap surgery. Your dentist will pull back your gums to remove the bacteria and suture the gums in place.

Another reason is exposed roots. In this case, you will require a gum graft, which involves taking tissue from elsewhere in your mouth to cover and root the roots.

Finally, you could need surgery for bone grafting to promote regeneration of bone tissue. Your dentist will implant bone from your body, bone from an animal, or a synthetic bone into your jaw along with proteins to stimulate tissue growth.

Dental Filling Procedure in North York

Filling a decayed tooth is one of the most common dental procedures, but if you have never needed a dental filling procedure before, you may be unsure as to what to expect. By learning about the dental filling procedure in North York, you will arrive to the dentist prepared, free from anxiety.

Numbing the Area

You will feel nothing throughout the entire procedure, as your dentist will first numb your mouth using a local anesthetic. The anesthetic comes in the form of an injection. Many patients are fearful about this part of the procedure, but an experienced dentist can administer the injection without causing you any discomfort.

Your dentist will spray your mouth with air to dry the area and then apply a numbing gel. After one or two minutes, when the gel has had time to soak into your gums, your dentist will administer the injection.

Preparing Your Mouth

Next, your dentist will prepare your mouth by replacing a rubber dam around the decayed tooth. Your dentist may also place a bite block between your upper and lower teeth to keep your jaw open. This is important for procedures that will take some time to complete. If you are receiving a composite or ceramic filling, your dentist will also choose the right shade at this point.

Removing Decay

The dentist will remove the decay from your tooth using a dental drill and high-volume suction. He or she will start with a high-speed drill, then switch to a slow-speed handpiece, and may finish with hand instruments.

Applying the Filling

Finally, your dentist will fill the space left after the decay has been removed. The exact method depends on the type of filling you are receiving. Amalgam fillings are the fastest to complete, whereas ceramic are the most complicated and require several appointments to fit.

Dental Crown Types And Their Features

Dental crowns have a variety of uses, from fixing a broken tooth or one at a high risk of damage to improving the appearance of a misshapen or discoloured tooth. Crowns also assist in replacing a missing tooth — holding a bridge in place or covering an implant. Your North York dentist will recommend the type of crown for you depending on the reason you need a crown and where it will be in your mouth.

Types of Dental Crowns:


As porcelain crowns match the shade of your teeth, they are ideal for improving appearances as well as repairing damage. For front teeth and for people with metal allergies, dental crowns made entirely from porcelain are best. For back teeth, porcelain fused to metal is a better option, as these crowns still look natural but offer extra strength. In either case, porcelain may eventually chip under chewing forces.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel crowns are prefabricated, which means they are inexpensive and only require a single visit to the dentist. For this reason, they tend to be for baby teeth, as they fall out with the tooth. They are also common as a temporary crown, which patients can use while the dental lab creates their custom crown.

Other Metals

Metal dental crowns in North York can be made from gold alloy, palladium, base-metal alloys (like nickel and chromium), and other alloys. They tend to last longer than other types of crowns and can withstand biting pressure without wearing down. The downside of these crowns is their colour, which makes them unsuitable for cosmetic purposes.


This is another option that comes in the same colour as your teeth. Resin crowns are less expensive than crowns made from metal alloys and porcelain. However, they do wear down sooner and are more likely to fracture.


Some dental clinics digitally create zirconia crowns, in a single visit. This eliminates the need for a temporary crown.

Dry Socket Information and How to Handle This Dental Emergency

Dry socket can occur after a tooth extraction due to a complication that stops a blood clot from forming at the extraction site. Although it is one of the most painful types of dental emergencies, it is luckily easy to treat with a dental emergency North York service.

Symptoms of Dry Socket

Discomfort caused by dry socket can range from a throbbing ache to a sharp pain. It is provoked by eating or other contact with the extraction site. This usually occurs around three days after a tooth extraction and only ceases with treatment. Although it is more common in the lower jaw, it can also occur in the upper jaw.

Emergency Treatment for Dry Socket

As soon as you experience any indication that you are suffering from dry socket, contact the dentist who performed your tooth extraction. If the pain starts when the clinic is closed, you may need to contact an emergency dentist in North York instead.

The dentist will clean the extraction site and may apply a dressing with a paste that promotes healing and eases pain. Usually, symptoms disappear entirely within 24 hours of this treatment. If you continue experiencing pain, you will need to return to the dentist daily for a fresh dressing. Your dentist may also prescribe a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication to reduce pain.

How to Avoid Dry Socket

You can prevent this dental emergency by following the dentist’s instructions for post-surgery oral care. This will include refraining from smoking for at least 72 hours and using antibacterial mouthwash. You should also talk to your dentist about any medication you are currently taking, particularly oral contraceptives, as these have been linked to an increased risk of dry socket.

It is important to continue maintaining good oral care paired with compliance to post-operative instructions in order to avoid getting this painful dental emergency.

Dental Cleaning: What Does It Involve?

Although a professional cleaning is a key aspect of any dental checkup, for many people it is a source of anxiety when visiting the dentist. Often, this is due to a fear of the unknown, induced by the scrapping and whirring instruments, as cleanings are usually painless experiences. Knowing exactly what is going on will help you feel more comfortable about receiving a dental cleaning in North York.

Plaque and Tartar Removal

This is what most people associate with a dental cleaning, but it is actually just the first part. Your dental hygienist will use a scaler (a scraping tool) to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth, particularly at the gum line and between teeth. By using a small mirror, the dental hygienist will be able to look into your mouth at every angle.

Toothpaste Cleaning

Next, the dental hygienist will use a special toothpaste. This is unlike the one you use at home, although it may taste the same. He or she will apply the toothpaste to a high-power electric toothbrush, rubbing it into your teeth. The gritty texture removes any remaining plaque and tartar while polishing your teeth smooth. The procedure is safe up to twice per year, but you should never brush your teeth yourself using such pressure — this would gradually wear down the enamel.

Floss and Rinse

To ensure your teeth are completely free from plaque and tartar after scaling and polishing, your dental hygienist will floss between your teeth. You will then receive a rinse, often containing fluoride, to wash your mouth clean.

Fluoride Treatment

Once your teeth are clean, you may receive a fluoride treatment to protect against cavities. This treatment comes in a gel or paste. Your dental hygienist will apply it using a tray that fits over your teeth. You will need to wait about one minute to complete the treatment.

Dental Checkup And What Your Dentist Does

Everyone has experienced a dental checkup but few people know exactly what is going on. Understanding what your dentist is doing during your dental checkup in North York will help curb your anxiety and make you feel more relaxed in the dentist chair.

Review of Your Medical History

Your first dental checkup with a new dentist begins with a discussion of your medical history. This will cover chronic conditions, serious illnesses, medications you are currently taking, allergies, and diet. You will also have the chance to talk about any concerns you have about your oral health.

Professional Teeth Cleaning

A professional cleaning is carried out by your dental hygienist. This is necessary to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth. It involves the use of a metal scraping tool and a tooth polisher.

Mouth Examination

Your dentist will look for any problems with your teeth using a metal probe and angled mirror. The dentist will examine your teeth for decay and soft enamel or dentin and your gums for mouth sores, redness, and deep pockets, which are a sign of gum disease. Your dentist will also check your jaw and neck for lumps that could indicate oral cancer.


On occasion, your dentist will take X-rays of your teeth. You will be protected from radiation with the use of a heavy apron over your body. Your dentist will use the X-rays to check the roots of your teeth and your jawbone, looking for bone loss, fractures, and abnormalities.

Cavity Prevention

If you at a high risk for cavities, your dentist may apply a sealant to your back teeth. This stops food from becoming trapped in the grooves. Another way to prevent decay is with fluoride solution applied to your teeth.

Regular dental checkups are imperative as prevention means and to help detect any signs of oral disease at the earliest possible time.