Prepare for the Fight Against Gum Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most common oral health problems. It ranges greatly in severity, causing anything from inflammation to damage to the bone and other tissues. If you catch gum disease in its early stages, your dentist will help you cure the disease before it becomes serious. If you leave it untreated, however, you risk losing a tooth.

Gum Disease Causes

Your mouth contains a large amount of bacteria. To keep the bacteria in check, you need to brush your teeth regularly and maintain good oral hygiene. This will stop plaque building up on your teeth. If you fail to remove the plaque, it will turn into tartar, which can only be removed in a professional cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist.
You are at a higher risk for gum disease if you consume foods and beverages with a high sugar content, as these increase the amount of bacteria in your mouth. Other risk factors include smoking, diabetes, a weakened immune system, malnutrition, stress, certain medications, and a genetic predisposition.

Gum Disease Symptoms

In its mildest form, gum disease occurs as gingivitis. Symptoms include inflamed gums and bleeding. Should you fail to treat gingivitis, it may turn into periodontitis. This will cause your gums to pull away from your teeth, leading to pockets. As plaque spreads to below the gum line, these pockets may become infected.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you need to see your dentist immediately. However, gum disease is not always obvious, which is why it is important to receive regular checkups. As the infection spreads, your body will try to control the bacteria, resulting in the destruction of the bone, gums, and connective tissue holding your teeth in place. When teeth become loose, they often need to be extracted.

Is Gum Disease Surgery Painful?

When you receive the news that you need gum disease surgery, you may initially be worried — it sounds invasive and painful. The good news is that most people find the procedure painless and experience little discomfort during the recovery period.

What to Expect with Gum Disease Surgery in North York

Whether your gum disease surgery involves flap surgery, gum grafts, or bone grafts, you can expect you can expect to feel little, if anything. Your dentist will administer a local anesthetic to the impacted area, leaving your mouth numb.

After the Procedure

Local anesthetic tends to last between six to eight hours, but gum disease surgery usually takes no more than one hour. This means your mouth will be numb long after you leave the clinic and you will feel no discomfort for several hours. Before the anesthetic wears off, take an analgesic as recommended by your dentist to avoid pain.

Your dentist may also prescribe antibiotics to avoid infection, anti-inflammatory medication to prevent swelling, and a special mouthwash to kill bacteria in your mouth. Any medication you need will be inexpensive and add only a minimal amount to the gum disease treatment cost.

To speed up the healing process, you will need to stick to a diet of soft foods for at least two weeks following your surgery. Some patients need to eat soft foods for longer and others even need to keep to a liquid-only diet for some time. In addition, you should avoid smoking for at least two weeks and alcohol for 24 hours, or 48 hours if your received anesthetic through an IV.