Invisalign: What Can It Treat?

Most orthodontic issues that are treatable with braces can also be corrected with Invisalign in a North York dental clinic. The invisible braces straighten and realign teeth without pain and often in less time than traditional braces. Some examples of issues Invisalign can solve include the following:

Gaps Between Teeth

Gaps between teeth are more than just an aesthetic problem. These spaces allow bacteria to accumulate more easily, causing gingivitis, deep pockets, and even periodontitis.

Overbite and Underbite

Proper alignment means upper teeth are slightly in front of lower teeth. In the case of overbite, upper teeth will be too far forward, usually due to a genetic condition, overdevelopment of the bone, or poor oral habits. This can lead to pain in the jaw.
An underbite is the opposite problem — lower teeth jut out beyond upper teeth. This is often due to missing upper teeth, underdevelopment of the upper jaw, or overdevelopment of the lower jaw. It can lead to pain and wearing down of the teeth.

Cross Bite

Cross bite occurs when there is misalignment of both the upper and lower jaws. Some of the upper teeth end up inside the lower teeth. This can result in the wearing down of teeth, gum disease, and bone loss.

Open Bite

A final bite problem is open bite — when you are unable to make your teeth meet. In addition to genetics, this can be caused by bad habits. Open bite needs correcting to enable proper chewing and speech and to prevent temporomandibular joint disorder.


If there is insufficient space for all your teeth to fit in your mouth, you will suffer from crowding. This results in a crooked smile, and the problem may worsen over time. Crowding also puts you at a higher risk of plaque buildup, decay, and gum disease.

Bone Grafting for Dental Implants: Then and Now

These days, bone grafting is seen as an important procedure in dentistry. It is also known however, that as recently as the 1980s, missing teeth were replaced with removable dentures that helped patients eat and speak but looked fake. Since then, thanks to dental implants and bone grafting procedures in North York dental clinics, developments have meant that even people with weak jawbones can receive realistic-looking replacements.

Why Is Bone Grafting Necessary?

To receive a dental implant, your jawbone needs to be strong enough to hold a titanium post in place. The presence of a working tooth keeps your jawbone strong, but a lost tooth leads to atrophy over time. The more teeth you are missing, the more severe is the jawbone atrophy.

Jawbone Restoration in the Past

In the past, complicated procedures were necessary to restore a jawbone. This could even involve replanting a patient’s rib. Often, such action was necessary to both restore the function of the jawbone and prevent fractures. However, even in these cases, it was impossible to repair the jawbone sufficiently for implants.

Bone Grafting Today

Whenever possible, dentists take action to prevent the need for bone grafting entirely, such as by providing patients with an implant soon after extracting a tooth. In cases where bone grafting is necessary, it tends to be minimal and the procedure takes place at the dental clinic.

Better still, dentists no longer need to take large quantities of the patient’s own bone. Most bone grafts are using bovine (cow) bone. This requires just the sterilized mineral content — the organic material is removed prior to the graft. The bovine bone stops surrounding tissues in the jawbone from collapsing. The graft is combined with guided tissue regeneration, which leads the jawbone to resorb the bovine bone and replace it with native bone.

What are the Benefits of Using Invisible Braces?

If you want straighter, better-aligned teeth, you can choose between traditional metal braces and invisible braces. Although each work in much the same way, if you are an adult or teen, metal brackets may make you feel self-conscious about your smile. For this reason, invisible braces in North York could be the better option for you.


As the name suggests, no one will know you are wearing invisible braces. Unlike traditional braces, which are very noticeable, invisible braces are made from clear plastic aligners making it almost unseen by others.


The cost for invisible braces in North York is often much the same as that for traditional metal braces.


Although you may feel some discomfort every time you receive new aligners, this quickly dissipates. This type of brace should never rub against the side of your mouth — if there are any sharp edges, return to your dental clinic for an adjustment.


You can remove this brace any time you want. This means there are no dietary restrictions and no risk of food caught in your braces.

Treatment Duration

This type of brace can correct the alignment of your teeth in as little as six months and usually require a maximum of just 18 months. Metal braces, in contrast, will need to stay on your teeth for an average of two years.

Uses of Invisible Braces

Invisible braces resolve all sorts of problems, including overbite, underbite, cross bite, overcrowding, and gaps between the teeth.


It is easy to keep invisible braces clean. Simply remove them from your mouth, brush them, and then rinse with lukewarm water.

Dental Visits

Although you will need to change your aligner every two weeks, you will only need to visit your dentist every four to six weeks. It is important that you always keep track of your next dental visit.

What to Expect From Your Dental Implant Procedure

Single tooth implants allow your dentist to replace a tooth or fill a gap left by one or more teeth. An implant is required to form a root for the crown. This guide will help you understand what happens during the dental implant procedures, to ensure you feel prepared when you enter the dental clinic.

Dental Implant Surgery

The process from the start of the implant surgery to the time your dentist fits you with a crown can last anywhere from five months to more than one year. It involves receiving surgery two times.

In the first surgery, your dentist will place the implant in your jaw using a plastic surgical guide. After four to five months for implants in the lower jaw and six to seven months for implants in the upper jaw, you will return for your second surgery. This involves uncovering the heads of the implants and placing a collar on top.

After 10 to 14 days, you will go back to the clinic. Your dentist will remove the collar and screw an abutment to the implant along with a temporary crown. You will receive the permanent crown four to six weeks later.

Dental Implant Bone Graft Procedure

If there is insufficient bone to hold the implant in place, you will need bone grafting before the dental implant surgery. Your dentist will insert either actual bone or a material like bone into your jawbone.

In the case you only need to strengthen your jawbone slightly, you will receive a bone graft at the same time as your first surgery. However, if your jawbone is particularly weak, you will need a graft to help regenerate the bone. After such surgery, you will need to wait several months before receiving the dental implant.

A Complete Guide to Bone Grafts for Dental Implants

It is common for patients receiving implants to require bone grafting. This painless procedure ensures that the dental implant remains secure in the jawbone and significantly reduces the risk of problems.

What Does a Dental Bone Graft Involve?

Dental bone graft surgery today is a much simpler procedure than it was in the past. It takes place in a dental clinic and more often uses the bone of an animal or a material like a bone than the patient’s own bone. The dentist inserts the graft into the jawbone to stop the collapse of tissues and to regenerate natural bone.

Types of Bone Grafts

Although some patients need major bone grafts, the majority only require a simple procedure. These fall into three categories:

Socket grafts

The technical name for a socket graft is an alveolar ridge preservation graft. It is necessary when the dentist needs to wait after extracting a tooth before inserting the implant. This bone graft fills the space left by the removed tooth, usually with cow bone.

Block bone grafts

A block bone graft, also called an autogenous ramus or chin graft, uses the patient’s own bone. This is necessary if cow bone is insufficient, such as when time elapsed after the tooth extraction, when a tooth is lost due to a disease that also caused bone destruction, when a tooth is missing due to a congenital condition, and when a bone is lost due to dental trauma.

Subantral grafts

The third common type of bone graft is called a subantral graft or sinus lift procedure. It is used for implants in the upper jaw in the maxillary sinus. A subantral graft will have no effect on your breathing nor will it cause sinus pain.

What Is Prosthetic Dentistry?

If you lose or damage a tooth due decay or trauma, you will need special dental treatment in North York. A good option is prosthetic dentistry, which can repair or replace natural teeth. Various types of treatment fall under this category.

Prosthetic Dentistry North York

Replacement options

If your dentist needs to remove all your teeth, a complete denture may be the best type of prosthesis for you. A complete denture can be either removable or bonded to your mouth with several implants.

If you are only missing some teeth, a partial denture is an option. This is also a removable solution and involves fitting a plastic or metal plate in your mouth and attaching artificial teeth. Alternatively, your dentist can create a fixed bridge, which is held in place with a crown on the teeth on either side.

Finally, if you are missing just a single tooth, your dentist can fit an implant with a crown to fill the gap.

Repair options

Damaged teeth also benefit from prosthetic dentistry North York. This is an option for teeth with significant decay, especially when it is no longer possible to repair the teeth with a filling. Prosthetic dentistry is also a possibility for a tooth that has changed color after root canal therapy.

Your dentist will install a support pillar in your tooth and fit it with a crown. The crown can be made of gold, metal alloy, ceramic, porcelain, or another material. Whatever material you choose, the crown will strengthen your tooth, give your tooth the right shape, and allow you to eat and speak properly. If the crown is made from ceramic or porcelain, it will also have the appearance of a natural tooth.

Caring for Dental Prosthetics

With the right care, your dental prosthetic can last your entire life. As the tissues heal, you may need to return to your dentist for adjustments. After this, you just need to visit the clinic for regular checkups.

5 Things to Keep In Mind Before Dental Implants

Dental implants can be the perfect solution to a missing tooth. Other than restoring your smile, they help you to eat and talk properly and prevent oral health problems. To decide if this would be the right type of treatment for you, there are a few things you need to know about dental implants.

1. The Dental Implants Procedure

The dental implants procedure involves extracting your current tooth, if any remains, and placing a titanium post into the jawbone. This will act as a root for the artificial tooth. Your dentist will create a permanent tooth to fix on the implant.

2. The Quality of Dental Implants

If you need a replacement tooth, your dentist is likely to recommend a dental implant over any other option. This is mainly due to the quality of implants. For one thing, implants are the most natural-looking choice — they are custom-made to match the color of the rest of your teeth and to be the right shape and size. They are also permanently in place, meaning there is no risk of slipping.

3. Maintaining Good Oral Health

Dental implants also lead to better oral health than other options. For instance, the bonding to the jawbone keeps the bone healthy and reduces the risk of bone loss.

4. The Aftercare Requirements

By following the dental care recommendations of your dentist, you can ensure your dental implant lasts a lifetime. Good oral care involves, at a minimum, brushing twice a day and visiting your dentist every six months.

5. Dental Implant Cost

Dental implants are a cost-effective way to replace either a single tooth or several teeth. Other options may cost less initially, but you will end up spending more in the long term for replacements.

5 Things to Keep in Mind Before Dental Implants

Did your dentist suggest getting dental implants, but you are unsure if you want to do it or not? Usually, implants are a treatment used for missing teeth. It is possible you have a lot of questions about the procedure. It’s okay to want to research dental implants before you decide if it’s for you or not. Here are five key things to keep in mind before you choose to go with the implants.

1. What Makes a Good Candidate for Dental Implants?

It’s important that your gums be healthy and that you have plenty of bone to be able to support the implants. A good candidate will also be in good health generally. If you do not have enough jawbone, it is possible for the oral surgeon to build it up before the actual implant procedure begins. If you have leukemia, diabetes or other conditions that interfere with the healing process, you may not be an ideal candidate.

2. Who can do the Procedure?

The procedure can be done by different dental professionals including dentists, periodontists, prosthodontists and oral surgeons. There are some cases when one professional might be more advantageous than another. If there has been a lot of bone loss in the jaw, the implant will be placed close to a nerve or the sinus cavity or bone grafting will be required before the implants you may want to seek out a dental specialist. Other than special conditions, a dentist can do implants.

3. How Long Will it Take?

Depending on your particular situation and the specifics of your case, implants can be a lengthy process. It’s not quick, by any means. You will need a complete and thorough dental exam in order to develop a treatment plan.Placing of the implants is a surgical procedure and it can take several visits to get them in place. It might take as long as 3 to 9 months for the entire process to be completed.

4. How Much will it Cost?

There’s no way to give a specific dollar amount as it can vary depending on the severity of your specific condition. However, it is important to note that it is an expensive procedure. You may want to discuss payment options or plans with your dental professional before he begins.

5. Are Implants Difficult to Take Care of?

Your dental implants should last you a lifetime. You will need to follow good oral hygiene practices at home and keep up with your routine dental visits and cleanings. As long as you brush and floss twice daily and keep the implants clean the gum tissue should remain healthy. You may also want to ask your dentist about using a mouth rinse that has antimicrobial properties to help reduce the risk of gum disease.

These are key things to consider when planning on dental implants. Always feel free to ask your dentist or oral surgeon about any concerns you may have.