It is common for patients receiving implants to require bone grafting. This painless procedure ensures that the dental implant remains secure in the jawbone and significantly reduces the risk of problems.
What Does a Dental Bone Graft Involve?
Dental bone graft surgery today is a much simpler procedure than it was in the past. It takes place in a dental clinic and more often uses the bone of an animal or a material like a bone than the patient’s own bone. The dentist inserts the graft into the jawbone to stop the collapse of tissues and to regenerate natural bone.
Types of Bone Grafts
Although some patients need major bone grafts, the majority only require a simple procedure. These fall into three categories:
The technical name for a socket graft is an alveolar ridge preservation graft. It is necessary when the dentist needs to wait after extracting a tooth before inserting the implant. This bone graft fills the space left by the removed tooth, usually with cow bone.
Block bone grafts
A block bone graft, also called an autogenous ramus or chin graft, uses the patient’s own bone. This is necessary if cow bone is insufficient, such as when time elapsed after the tooth extraction, when a tooth is lost due to a disease that also caused bone destruction, when a tooth is missing due to a congenital condition, and when a bone is lost due to dental trauma.
The third common type of bone graft is called a subantral graft or sinus lift procedure. It is used for implants in the upper jaw in the maxillary sinus. A subantral graft will have no effect on your breathing nor will it cause sinus pain.