A Complete Guide to Bone Grafts for Dental Implants

It is common for patients receiving implants to require bone grafting. This painless procedure ensures that the dental implant remains secure in the jawbone and significantly reduces the risk of problems.

What Does a Dental Bone Graft Involve?

Dental bone graft surgery today is a much simpler procedure than it was in the past. It takes place in a dental clinic and more often uses the bone of an animal or a material like a bone than the patient’s own bone. The dentist inserts the graft into the jawbone to stop the collapse of tissues and to regenerate natural bone.

Types of Bone Grafts

Although some patients need major bone grafts, the majority only require a simple procedure. These fall into three categories:

Socket grafts

The technical name for a socket graft is an alveolar ridge preservation graft. It is necessary when the dentist needs to wait after extracting a tooth before inserting the implant. This bone graft fills the space left by the removed tooth, usually with cow bone.

Block bone grafts

A block bone graft, also called an autogenous ramus or chin graft, uses the patient’s own bone. This is necessary if cow bone is insufficient, such as when time elapsed after the tooth extraction, when a tooth is lost due to a disease that also caused bone destruction, when a tooth is missing due to a congenital condition, and when a bone is lost due to dental trauma.

Subantral grafts

The third common type of bone graft is called a subantral graft or sinus lift procedure. It is used for implants in the upper jaw in the maxillary sinus. A subantral graft will have no effect on your breathing nor will it cause sinus pain.

Prepare for the Fight Against Gum Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most common oral health problems. It ranges greatly in severity, causing anything from inflammation to damage to the bone and other tissues. If you catch gum disease in its early stages, your dentist will help you cure the disease before it becomes serious. If you leave it untreated, however, you risk losing a tooth.

Gum Disease Causes

Your mouth contains a large amount of bacteria. To keep the bacteria in check, you need to brush your teeth regularly and maintain good oral hygiene. This will stop plaque building up on your teeth. If you fail to remove the plaque, it will turn into tartar, which can only be removed in a professional cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist.

You are at a higher risk for gum disease if you consume foods and beverages with a high sugar content, as these increase the amount of bacteria in your mouth. Other risk factors include smoking, diabetes, a weakened immune system, malnutrition, stress, certain medications, and a genetic predisposition.

Gum Disease Symptoms

In its mildest form, gum disease occurs as gingivitis. Symptoms include inflamed gums and bleeding. Should you fail to treat gingivitis, it may turn into periodontitis. This will cause your gums to pull away from your teeth, leading to pockets. As plaque spreads to below the gum line, these pockets may become infected.

If you notice any of these symptoms, you need to see your dentist immediately. However, gum disease is not always obvious, which is why it is important to receive regular checkups. As the infection spreads, your body will try to control the bacteria, resulting in the destruction of the bone, gums, and connective tissue holding your teeth in place. When teeth become loose, they often need to be extracted.

What Are Preventive Cares for Smile Enhancement?

You can enhance your smile into the long term with preventive care in North York now. There are several ways to avoid cavities, gum disease, and stained teeth, including methods you can try at home and others you can seek through your dentist.

Smile Enhancement North York with Your Dentist

Dental cleanings

It is impossible to clean all the plaque from your teeth using just a toothbrush. Over time, bacteria builds up, which can lead to decay and gum inflammation. In a cleaning, your dentist will also polish your teeth until they shine and can even whiten your teeth, giving you a stunning smile.

Regular checkups

One of the most important aspects of smile enhancement in North York is frequent visits to the dentist to ensure there are no problems with your teeth. Your dentist will often notice issues likely to impact your smile before symptoms begin.

Preventive Care at Home

Daily oral care

Maintaining good dental hygiene at home will prevent many of the most common oral health problems. Good oral care involves brushing your teeth and tongue twice a day using the correct technique. You should use fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash and replace your toothbrush at least a few times a year.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle

Certain habits and tendencies can ruin your smile, such as smoking, which leads to stains and even tooth loss and mouth cancer. Cutting down or, even better, giving up, will enhance your smile. Eating and drinking anything high in sugar, including some alcoholic beverages, may also damage teeth. You should wait at least an hour to brush your teeth after consuming acidic foods and drinks to prevent damage to the enamel. On the flip side, eating more fruits and vegetables can protect you from gum disease.