Invisalign: What Can It Treat?

Most orthodontic issues that are treatable with braces can also be corrected with Invisalign in a North York dental clinic. The invisible braces straighten and realign teeth without pain and often in less time than traditional braces. Some examples of issues Invisalign can solve include the following:

Gaps Between Teeth

Gaps between teeth are more than just an aesthetic problem. These spaces allow bacteria to accumulate more easily, causing gingivitis, deep pockets, and even periodontitis.

Overbite and Underbite

Proper alignment means upper teeth are slightly in front of lower teeth. In the case of overbite, upper teeth will be too far forward, usually due to a genetic condition, overdevelopment of the bone, or poor oral habits. This can lead to pain in the jaw.
An underbite is the opposite problem — lower teeth jut out beyond upper teeth. This is often due to missing upper teeth, underdevelopment of the upper jaw, or overdevelopment of the lower jaw. It can lead to pain and wearing down of the teeth.

Cross Bite

Cross bite occurs when there is misalignment of both the upper and lower jaws. Some of the upper teeth end up inside the lower teeth. This can result in the wearing down of teeth, gum disease, and bone loss.

Open Bite

A final bite problem is open bite — when you are unable to make your teeth meet. In addition to genetics, this can be caused by bad habits. Open bite needs correcting to enable proper chewing and speech and to prevent temporomandibular joint disorder.

Crowding

If there is insufficient space for all your teeth to fit in your mouth, you will suffer from crowding. This results in a crooked smile, and the problem may worsen over time. Crowding also puts you at a higher risk of plaque buildup, decay, and gum disease.

Gum Disease Treatment Options in North York

Depending on the case, there are gum disease treatment options that are available for patients. Gum disease begins as a minor problem, causing bleeding gums and bad breath. Left untreated, however, it can become serious, even resulting in tooth loss. By seeking gum disease treatment in North York as soon as your teeth show any signs of disease, you can maintain a healthy mouth.

Gum Disease Treatment Options Include:

1. Treating Gingivitis

In its early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis, where plaque buildup leads to red and swollen gums. The good news is that it is easy to treat at home by brushing regularly and using an antimicrobial mouthwash.

2. Treating Periodontitis: Nonsurgical Options

If allowed to progress, gingivitis will turn into periodontitis. This is when bacteria starts impacting the bone and supporting tissues as well as the gums. If you catch it in time, you will be able to receive nonsurgical treatment.

Scaling and root planing much like a regular professional cleaning, except your dentist will also remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooth rough surface to stop bacteria from returning. You may need more than one cleaning, and you will have the option to receive a local anesthetic if there is a chance that the procedure could be uncomfortable.

3. Treating Periodontitis: Surgery

There are several reasons why you may need surgery to treat gum disease.
For instance, if the periodontitis has left deep pockets, you may need flap surgery. Your dentist will pull back your gums to remove the bacteria and suture the gums in place.

Another reason is exposed roots. In this case, you will require a gum graft, which involves taking tissue from elsewhere in your mouth to cover and root the roots.

Finally, you could need surgery for bone grafting to promote regeneration of bone tissue. Your dentist will implant bone from your body, bone from an animal, or a synthetic bone into your jaw along with proteins to stimulate tissue growth.